South Dakota lawmakers crafted a direct challenge to Roe v. Wade on Friday, passing a bill that bans all abortions – including in cases of rape or incest – except for those in which the procedure is deemed necessary to save a woman’s life.

The measure, which Republican Gov. Mike Rounds said he was inclined to sign into law, is certain to face legal challenge. Some abortion opponents say that is precisely the point. With President Bush’s two recent appointments to the Supreme Court, anti-abortion forces want to test whether justices might be willing to overturn the landmark 1973 Roe decision that established a woman’s right to abortion.

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