Probabilities of Occurrence
All of these mutations would involve a loss of genetic information, and all of them would benefit the organism in its new environment (and thus increase its fitness). Positive changes, therefore, can be expected both from information gaining mutations (where these are available), and from information losing mutations (given the right environmental conditions). The question that should be asked, then, is whether or not the availability of information gaining pathways will be significant enough to account for a net information gain, given the impact of any beneficial information losing mutations that would also be available.
While the above information losing mutations would involve specific proteins, and thus involve a certain degree of improbability, any mutation that could possibly result in both fitness gain and information gain would face this same improbability. But unlike information gaining mutations, information losing mutations would require accuracy only to the point of occurring in the correct gene; information gaining mutations require an additional high degree of accuracy to the point of occurring in the correct base and codon. Moreover, while it is obvious that any gene can be deactivated, it is just as certain that not every gene can be improved upon.
Given the incredibly high ratio of non-viable to viable protein codings, then, one would expect the number of information losing mutations to vastly outweigh the number of mutations that would be able to provide information gain – and this is exactly what has been found. Numerous examples of information losing mutations have been documented within the scientific literature published so far, but not even one clear example of a mutation that could provide information gain has ever been observed (redefinitions of information “gain” notwithstanding). It is clear from this that the evolutionist’s inference to progressive information gain comes about not from experiment, but by necessity according to an a priori commitment to naturalism, and from the bald fact that complex genetic information does, in fact, exist.
(to be continued…)