Mon Oct 29, 2007 (SPACE.com) – Two Canadian astronomers think there is a good reason dark matter, a mysterious substance thought to make up the bulk of matter in the universe, has never been directly detected: It doesn’t exist…

Last August, an astronomer at the University of Arizona at Tucson and his colleagues reported that a collision between two huge clusters of galaxies 3 billion light-years away, known as the Bullet Cluster, had caused clouds of dark matter to separate from normal matter. Many scientists said the observations were proof of dark matter’s existence and a serious blow for alternative explanations aiming to do away with dark matter with modified theories of gravity.

Now John Moffat, an astronomer at the University of Waterloo in Canada, and Joel Brownstein, his graduate student, say those announcements were premature.

In a study detailed in the Nov. 21 issue of the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, the pair says their Modified Gravity (MOG) theory can explain the Bullet Cluster observation.

Using images of the Bullet Cluster made by the Hubble, Chandra X-ray and Spitzer space telescopes and the Magellan telescope in Chile, the scientists analyzed the way the cluster’s gravity bent light from a background galaxy-an effect known as gravity lensing. The pair concluded that dark matter was not necessary to explain the results…

Moffat compares the modern interest with dark matter to the insistence by scientists in the early 20th century on the existence of a “luminiferous ether,” a hypothetical substance thought to fill the universe and through which light waves were thought to propagate.

“They saw a glimpse of special relativity, but they weren’t willing to give up the ether,” Moffat told SPACE.com. “Then Einstein came along and said we don’t need the ether. The rest was history.”…

More… (source)

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